- Nanobubbles: gas filled cavities in a solution (water) with a diameter less than 100 nanometers (1 meter = 1,000,000,000 nanometers) .
- Gas nanobubbles will easily penetrate through the skin and deep into tissues.
Gas nanobubbles in water
- High concentration and large surface area.
- Generated at the highest density (more than 100 million bubbles per mL)
(See figure on the right).
- Notable increased concentration of dissolved gas in water.
- Minimal to no buoyancy effects.
- Nanobubbles gas/liquid interface is negatively charged.
- This charge prevents nanobubbles dissipation.
- Nanobubbles repel each other and avoid coalescence.
- Long-lived presence in liquids (months).
Oxygen (O2) & Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Nanobubbles in water for PN therapy
- Proven proprietary nanobubbling technology: low cost and high efficiency.
- Topical O2 delivery through skin scientifically proven.
- Large partial pressure (pO2) drives the gas into the tissues.
- CO2 has vasomotor effects (dilation), increasing blood flow.
- CO2 triggers bound oxygen release into the tissues.
- Rapid and deep penetration into skin.
- Nanobubbles of Oxygen have demonstrated anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective properties.
Increased blood flow and oxygenation provide relief of Peripheral Diabetic Neuropathy and may reduce risk of complications (Diabetic Foot Ulcers)